In mare's milk and koumiss there are about 40 biological components necessary for the human body. These are amino acids, fats, enzymes (lysozyme, amylase), trace elements (calcium, sodium, potassium, phosphorus, iron, magnesium, copper, iodine, sulfur, cobalt, zinc, silicon, bromine) and vitamins (A, C, B1, B2 , B6, B12, E, H, PP, beta-carotene, folic acid), carbohydrates (lactose) in optimally balanced proportions. The fat content of mare's milk is only 1–1.6%. Moreover, its fats have a bactericidal effect. Proteins make up about two percent.
|Chemical composition||Cow's milk||Goat's milk||Mare's milk||Breast milk|
|Albumin and globulin||0,60%||0,60%||1,20%||1,70%|
Horse's milk can compensate for any expenses of the body with nutrients, vitamins, microelements. In the diet of an athlete, protein takes a central place. The presence of significant amounts of proteins in mare's milk, such as albumin and casein, is essential for the body of athletes, since proteins serve as the material from which cells and tacci are built. There is less protein in mare's milk than cow's milk, but horse milk proteins have advantages: they have bactericidal properties